Last edited by Shakamuro
Wednesday, January 29, 2020 | History

13 edition of Neuroscience of psychoactive substance use and dependence found in the catalog.

Neuroscience of psychoactive substance use and dependence

  • 192 Want to read
  • 40 Currently reading

Published by World Health Organization in Geneva .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Psychotropic drugs -- Physiological effect,
  • Substance abuse -- Physiological aspects,
  • Psychopharmacology,
  • Substance-Related Disorders,
  • Brain -- physiopathology,
  • Psychotropic Drugs -- pharmacology,
  • Psychotropes -- Effets physiologiques,
  • Polytoxicomanie -- Aspect physiologique,
  • Psychopharmacologie,
  • DROGAS PSICOTROPICAS -- EFECTOS FISIOLOGICOS,
  • ABUSO DE SUSTANCIAS -- ASPECTOS FISIOLOGICOS,
  • PSICOFARMACOLOGIA,
  • TRASTORNOS RELACIONADOS CON SUSTANCIAS,
  • CEREALES -- EFECTOS DE DROGAS

  • Edition Notes

    StatementWorld Health Organization.
    ContributionsWorld Health Organization.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRM315 .N4833 2004
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxx, 264 p. :
    Number of Pages264
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3452725M
    ISBN 109241562358
    LC Control Number2005361971
    OCLC/WorldCa55058464

    Both military and civilian American intelligence officials are known to have used psychoactive drugs while interrogating captives apprehended in its War on Terror. A substantial portion of the global burden of disease and disability is attributable to psychoactive substance use. Alcohol Research and Health, 31 3— Using a psychodynamic approach is one of the techniques that psychologists use to solve addiction problems. Presentations 1.

    The following recommendations are made to facilitate greater openness and assist all stakeholders in mobilizing action: All psychoactive substances can be harmful to health, depending on how they are taken, in which amounts and how frequently. Addictive drugs and brain stimulation reward. Google Scholar Olds, J. Both military and civilian American intelligence officials are known to have used psychoactive drugs while interrogating captives apprehended in its War on Terror.

    Norton, MA. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 5th ed. Mental Health Clinic ;3 6 6. Google Scholar Koob, G.


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Neuroscience of psychoactive substance use and dependence book

Talbott,, Involvement of the endocannabinoid system in drug addiction. Drug dependence: Stress and dysregulation of brain reward pathways. Set The set is the internal attitudes and constitution of the person, including their expectations, wishes, fears, and sensitivity to the drug.

These symptoms usually are opposite of the effects of the drug. There are, however, effective public health policies and programmes which can be implemented and which will lead to a significant reduction in the overall burden related to substance use. Many different ideas circulate regarding what is considered a successful outcome in the recovery from addiction.

Control of cocaine-seeking behavior by drug-associated stimuli in rats: Effects on recovery of extinguished operant-responding and extracellular dopamine levels in amygdala and nucleus accumbens.

Conversely, overstimulation of receptors for a particular neurotransmitter may cause a decrease in both number and sensitivity of these receptors, a process called desensitization or tolerance. Drugs, 25 4— Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 18 3— Consequently, an individual might develop dependence as a result of the interaction of those factors or even one of them alone, which favors the repetitive use that leads to dependence.

Positive reinforcement produced by electrical stimulation of septal area and other regions of rat brain. Each drug has a specific action on one or more neurotransmitter or neuroreceptor in the brain. Trends in Neurosciences, 29 4— This factor is especially important for the hallucinogens, which have the ability to make conscious experiences out of the unconscious.

Exposure to antagonists for a particular neurotransmitter can increase the number of receptors for that neurotransmitter or the receptors themselves may become more responsive to neurotransmitters; this is called sensitization.

Journal Articles Published Baldwin, K. Criteria for severity of psychoactive substance dependence Mild: Few, if any, symptoms in excess of those required to make the diagnosis, and the symptoms result in no more than mild impairment in occupational functioning or in usual social activities or relationships with others.

These are used recreationally because of their euphoric effects.

Neuroscience of Psychoactive Substance Use and Dependence

It is used instead of the term "substance abuse" as a broader term encompassing all levels of substance involvement, including occasional and prolonged consumption of a substance. The effects of psychoactive substances on the brain, and how they promote the development of dependence is discussed, along with the genetic and environmental factors that may predispose or protect individuals from developing substance dependence.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy treats addiction as a behavior rather than a disease, and so is subsequently curable, or rather, unlearnable. Measures to reduce the harm from tobacco, alcohol and other psychoactive substances are thus an important part of health policy.

The role of stress in drug self-administration. Presented with Dr. Many drugs act on more than one transmitter or receptor in the brain. Addiction, a disease of compulsion and drive: Involvement of the orbitofrontal cortex.

With the advanced clinical use of medications, biological treatment is now considered to be one of the most efficient interventions that psychologists may use as treatment for those with substance dependence.

Psychologists tend to use an integration of all these approaches to produce reliable and effective treatment. At the time, the prevailing medical opinion was that the addiction process occurred in the stomach, and thus it was hypothesized that patients would not become addicted to morphine if it was injected into them via a hypodermic needleand it was further hypothesized that this might potentially be able to cure opium addiction.

The neurocognitive mechanisms of decision-making, impulse control, and loss of willpower to resist drugs. Equal numbers of neuronal and nonneuronal cells make the human brain an isometrically scaled-up primate brain.NEUROSCIENCE OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCE USE AND DEPENDENCE patients with schizophrenia exhibited more intense craving for cocaine during the first three days of abstinence compared with cocaine users who do not have schizophrenia (Carol et al., ).

• Psychoactive substances and their sociolegal status • Global trends in alcohol, tobacco and other drug use and burden • Adverse effects of psychoactive substances and their mechanisms of action • Substance dependence in relation to neuroscience.

Psychoactive drug

Oct 07,  · Abstract. Drug dependence is understood as a complex disorder associated with biological, emotional, and social factors. Consequently, an individual might develop dependence as a result of the interaction of those factors or even one of them alone, which favors the repetitive use that leads to atlasbowling.com: André Bedendo, André Luiz Monezi Andrade, Ana Regina Noto.

Aug 30,  · This is a physical condition. It's a change in your brain after you use a drug over and over again. Nerve cells in your brain, called "neurons," get used to the drug. They adapt to it. These cells begin to need the drug to function normally. And taking the drug. Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook.

If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit atlasbowling.com to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF.

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